• Ebola : le cri d'alarme de l'ONU et de la Banque mondiale

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    Ebola : le cri d'alarme de l'ONU et de la Banque mondiale

    Le Monde.fr avec AFP | <time datetime="2014-10-18T05:27:08+02:00" itemprop="datePublished">18.10.2014 à 05h27</time> • Mis à jour le <time datetime="2014-10-18T14:32:15+02:00" itemprop="dateModified">18.10.2014 à 14h32</time>

     
    <figure>Transmission de bouteilles d'eau dans un centre de traitement du virus Ebola à Freetown.</figure>

    « Nous sommes en train de perdre la bataille ». Le directeur de la Banque mondiale, Jim Yong Kim, a, à son tour, cherché, vendredi 17 octobre, à alerter la communauté internationale sur les conséquences de l'épidémie d'Ebola qui a déjà tué 4 555 personnes, sur 9 216 cas recensés. L'ONU et la Banque mondiale ont appelé à convertir les promesses internationales d'aide financière et humaine en actes concrets.

    « Certains pays ne se préoccupent que de leurs propres frontières », ce qui est« très inquiétant » selon M. Kim, pour qui « nous n'avons toujours pas pris conscience de la solidarité nécessaire » au niveau international.

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visibility="hidden"></path></g></g><g transform="translate(91,464)" zindex="7"><g zindex="1"><g><g transform="translate(8,3)" zindex="1"><text text-anchor="start" x="21" y="15" zindex="2">Nigeria</text><rect fill="#ffe600" x="0" y="4" zindex="3"></rect></g><g transform="translate(92.203125,3)" zindex="1"><text text-anchor="start" x="21" y="15" zindex="2">Liberia</text><rect fill="#FFc832" x="0" y="4" zindex="3"></rect></g><g transform="translate(174,3)" zindex="1"><text text-anchor="start" x="21" y="15" zindex="2"><tspan>Sierra Leone</tspan></text><rect fill="#F19300" x="0" y="4" zindex="3"></rect></g><g transform="translate(289.09375,3)" zindex="1"><text text-anchor="start" x="21" y="15" zindex="2">Guinée</text><rect fill="#ff3232" x="0" y="4" zindex="3"></rect></g></g></g></g><g zindex="7"><text opacity="1" text-anchor="middle" x="65.89434608794974" y="422"><tspan>Avril 2014</tspan></text><text opacity="1" text-anchor="middle" x="135.28326670474013" y="439"><tspan>Mai 2014</tspan></text><text opacity="1" text-anchor="middle" x="206.98515134209023" y="422"><tspan>Juin 2014</tspan></text><text opacity="1" text-anchor="middle" x="276.3740719588807" y="439"><tspan>Juillet 2014</tspan></text><text opacity="1" text-anchor="middle" x="348.0759565962307" y="422"><tspan>Août 2014</tspan></text><text opacity="1" text-anchor="middle" x="419.77784123358083" y="439"><tspan>Septembre 2014</tspan></text><text opacity="1" text-anchor="middle" x="489.1667618503712" y="422"><tspan>Octobre 2014</tspan></text></g><g zindex="7"><text opacity="1" text-anchor="end" x="23" y="405.5">0k</text><text opacity="1" text-anchor="end" x="23" y="327.1">1k</text><text opacity="1" text-anchor="end" x="23" y="248.70000000000005">2k</text><text opacity="1" text-anchor="end" x="23" y="170.3">3k</text><text opacity="1" text-anchor="end" x="23" y="91.90000000000003">4k</text><text opacity="1" text-anchor="end" x="23" y="13.5">5k</text></g><g opacity="0" transform="translate(32,-9999)" visibility="visible" zindex="8"><path d="M 3.5 0.5 L 125.5 0.5 C 128.5 0.5 128.5 0.5 128.5 3.5 L 128.5 63.5 C 128.5 66.5 128.5 66.5 125.5 66.5 L 70.5 66.5 64.5 72.5 58.5 66.5 3.5 66.5 C 0.5 66.5 0.5 66.5 0.5 63.5 L 0.5 3.5 C 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 3.5 0.5" fill="none" isshadow="true" stroke="black" stroke-opacity="0.049999999999999996" stroke-width="5" transform="translate(1, 1)"></path><path d="M 3.5 0.5 L 125.5 0.5 C 128.5 0.5 128.5 0.5 128.5 3.5 L 128.5 63.5 C 128.5 66.5 128.5 66.5 125.5 66.5 L 70.5 66.5 64.5 72.5 58.5 66.5 3.5 66.5 C 0.5 66.5 0.5 66.5 0.5 63.5 L 0.5 3.5 C 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 3.5 0.5" fill="none" isshadow="true" stroke="black" stroke-opacity="0.09999999999999999" stroke-width="3" transform="translate(1, 1)"></path><path d="M 3.5 0.5 L 125.5 0.5 C 128.5 0.5 128.5 0.5 128.5 3.5 L 128.5 63.5 C 128.5 66.5 128.5 66.5 125.5 66.5 L 70.5 66.5 64.5 72.5 58.5 66.5 3.5 66.5 C 0.5 66.5 0.5 66.5 0.5 63.5 L 0.5 3.5 C 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 3.5 0.5" fill="none" isshadow="true" stroke="black" stroke-opacity="0.15" stroke-width="1" transform="translate(1, 1)"></path><path d="M 3.5 0.5 L 125.5 0.5 C 128.5 0.5 128.5 0.5 128.5 3.5 L 128.5 63.5 C 128.5 66.5 128.5 66.5 125.5 66.5 L 70.5 66.5 64.5 72.5 58.5 66.5 3.5 66.5 C 0.5 66.5 0.5 66.5 0.5 63.5 L 0.5 3.5 C 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 3.5 0.5" fill="rgba(249, 249, 249, .85)" stroke="#ff3232" stroke-width="1"></path><text x="8" y="21" zindex="1"><tspan>14 Avril</tspan><tspan dy="16" x="8">Guinée : 108 morts</tspan><tspan dy="16" x="8">TOTAL : 108</tspan></text></g></svg>

    PLUS DE 600 MILLIONS DE DOLLARS MANQUANTS

    Les Nations unies ont reçu jusqu'à présent 377 millions de dollars sur les 988 millions demandés, soit 38 %, a déclaré, vendredi, un porte-parole de l'OCHA (Bureau des Affaires humanitaires de l'ONU) à Genève. Et le fonds spécial de l'ONU mis en place pour parer aux urgences, le « Trust Fund », ne dispose que de 100 000 dollars sur les 20 millions initialement requis.

    Plusieurs pays et organisations ont répondu à cet appel de fonds, vendredi :

    • Le Canada qui avait annoncé une contribution de 30 millions de dollars canadiens (21 millions d'euros) le mois dernier, s'est engagé vendredi à verserune aide de 30 millions supplémentaires.
    • Le Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM), une des agences de l'ONU les plus impliquées dans la lutte contre Ebola, avec l'OMS et l'Unicef, a annoncé vendredi le lancement immédiat d'une distribution d'aide alimentaire à 265 000 habitants de Freetown, la capitale de Sierra Leone, « la plus importante dans le pays depuis le début de l'épidémie d'Ebola ».
    • La Communauté d'Afrique de l'Est (EAC) a décidé d'envoyer plus de 600 professionnels de santé, dont 41 médecins, en Afrique de l'Ouest pourcombattre l'épidémie, a annoncé vendredi le bloc qui regroupe cinq pays de la région.
    • Le Kenya compte envoyer 15 médecins, l'Ouganda 14, le Rwanda sept et laTanzanie cinq. Le Burundi entend envoyer 250 auxiliaires de santé, et leKenya 300.
    • La France, qui a renforcé les mesures de contrôle à ses frontières, a promis vendredi de « tout mettre en oeuvre pour aider les pays africains confrontés à Ebola, en particulier la Guinée ».
    • Londres a de son côté envoyé en Sierra Leone un navire militaire médicalisé, avec un hôpital, trois hélicoptères et 350 personnes à bord. Il devrait arriverdans deux semaines à Freetown. Au total, la Grande-Bretagne prévoit d'envoyer 750 militaires dans son ancienne colonie pour aider notamment à la construction de centres de traitement.

    NE PAS « CÉDER À L'HYSTÉRIE »

    Pour organiser la riposte, et tenter de maîtriser la psychose qui commence àgagner du terrain, Barack Obama a, lui, nommé un coordinateur. Le président américain a aussi demandé samedi à ses concitoyens de ne pas « céder à l'hystérie ou à la peur » face à l'épidémie.

    « Nous savons mener ce combat » , a-t-il déclaré, et  « si nous prenons les mesures nécessaires, si nous sommes guidés par la science - les faits, pas la peur -, alors je suis parfaitement convaincu que nous pouvons éviter une grave épidémie aux Etats-Unis et guider le monde dans cet effort urgent ».

    Voir la vidéo : La rapide expansion du virus Ebola

     
    </article>
     
     

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